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The final source of the Amazon River is a stream on a 5,597 mt peak called Nevado Mismi in southern Peru South America's largest lake is lake Titicaca (area 8,300 km2) located on the border of Bolivia and Peru The 3rd highest waterfall in the world, Tres Hermanas (3000 ft), is located in Peru Machu Picchu is one of the most important archaeological sites in South America Peru was the last Spanish colony in South America to gain independence

  Peru Facts & Figures
Latitude and Longitude 9º 00' S, 75º 00' W
Area 1285000 km2
Capital Lima
Time Zone UTC-5
Official Name Republic of Peru
Currency Nuevo Sol (PEN)
Government Constitutional Republic
Legislature Unicameral
Population 29180900
Independence Date 07/28/21
International Dialing Code 51
ISO Code alpha-3 PE
ISO Code alpha-2 PER
GDP per Capita (PPP) $7,600.00
Climate Type Tropical, Arid, Semi-arid and Temperate
Major Language(s) Aguaruno, Aymara, Campa, Quechua (official), Spanish (official)
Major Ethnic Groups Amerindian, Mestizo, White
Major Religious Groups Christian (Roman Catholic)
Administrative Divisions 25 Regions (regiones) and 1 Province (Provincia)
Neighbouring Countries Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador
Major Industries Agriculture, Mining, Metallurgy, Petroleum, Natural Gas, Fisheries and related industries, Textile and apparel, Food Processing, Paper, Chemical, Iron and Steel
Natural Resources Coal, Copper, Gold, Iron ore, Phosphate, Silver, Natural Gas, Hydelpower