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Italy became a unified country only in the year 1863 University of Bologna, is the oldest university in Europe, in continuous operation The oldest film festival in the world, beginning in 1932, is the Venice Film Festival San Marino and Holy See, two of the smallest countries in Europe are enclosed in Italy

  Italy Facts & Figures
Latitude and Longitude 41º 30' N, 14º 30' E
Area 301336 km2
Capital Rome
Time Zone UTC+1
Official Name Italian Republic
Currency Euro (EUR)
Government Republic
Legislature Bicameral
Population 58145320
Independence Date 03/17/61
International Dialing Code 39
ISO Code alpha-3 IT
ISO Code alpha-2 ITA
GDP per Capita (PPP) $30,900.00
Climate Type Mediterranean and Temperate
Major Language(s) French, German, Italian (official), Slovene
Major Ethnic Groups Albanian, Austrian, German, Italian, Italo-Albanian, North African Arab
Major Religious Groups Christian (Roman Catholic, Protestant), Jewish, Muslim
Administrative Divisions 15 Regions (regioni) and 5 Autonomous regions (regioni autonome): Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardegna, Sicilia, Trentino-Alto Adige, Valle d'Aosta
Neighbouring Countries Austria, France, Holy See (Vatican City), San Marino, Slovenia, Switzerland
Major Industries Mining, Iron and Steel, Textile and apparel, Chemical, Food processing and beverages, Electronics, Machinery, Tourism
Natural Resources Asbestos, Barite, Coal, Feldspar, Marble, Mercury, Natural gas, Oil, Pyrite, Potash, Zinc, Cultivable land