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Cotopaxi is Ecuador's second-highest peak and one of the highest active volcanoes in the world at 5897 mt Ecuador is one of only two countries in South America that do not share a border with Brazil Because of earth's bulging out at the equator, Ecuador's Mt. Chimborazo is the furthest point on the surface of the Earth from the centre (6,384.4 km from the centre) and not Mt. Everest

  Ecuador Facts & Figures
Latitude and Longitude 1º 00' S, 79º 00' W
Area 284000 km2
Capital Quito
Time Zone UTC-5
Official Name Republic of Ecuador
Currency US Dollar (USD)
Government Presidential Republic
Legislature Unicameral
Population 13927650
Independence Date 05/24/22
International Dialing Code 593
ISO Code alpha-3 EC
ISO Code alpha-2 ECU
GDP per Capita (PPP) $7,200.00
Climate Type Tropical and Temperate
Major Language(s) Amerindian languages, Spanish (official)
Major Ethnic Groups Amerindian, Mestizo, Spanish
Major Religious Groups Christian (Roman Catholic)
Administrative Divisions 22 Provinces (provincias)
Neighbouring Countries Colombia, Peru
Major Industries Agriculture, Petroleum, Food processing, Textile, Timber products, Chemical
Natural Resources Gold, Timber, Fish, Petroleum, Hydelpower