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China is world's most populous country, Compass, Gun powder, Paper and Printing are considered to be four great inventions of ancient China, Three of the world's ten longest rivers have their source in China, Three Gorges Dam, on river Yangtze, is the largest hydroelectric power plant in the world, China has the largest army in the world (2.8 million personnels), Tian’anmen Square is the largest public plaza in the world

  China Facts & Figures
Latitude and Longitude 33º 00' N, 100º 00' E
Area 9597000 km2
Capital Beijing
Time Zone UTC+8
Official Name People's Republic of China
Currency Renminbi (RMB) (also called Yuan (CNY))
Government Communist State
Legislature Unicameral
Population 1330044544
Independence Date Oct 1, 1949 (establishment of People's Republic)
International Dialing Code 86
ISO Code alpha-3 CN
ISO Code alpha-2 CHN
GDP per Capita (PPP) $5,400.00
Climate Type Subtropical, Humid Continental, Subarctic, Tundra, Arid (Cool) and Semi-arid (Cool)
Major Language(s) Gan, Hakka dialects, Mandarin (official), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Wu (Shanghainese), Xiang, Yue (Cantonese)
Major Ethnic Groups Buyi, Dong, Han Chinese, Hui, Korean, Manchu, Miao, Mongol, Tibetan, Tuchia, Uygur, Yao, Yi, Zhuang
Major Religious Groups Buddhist, Christian, Daoist (Taoist), Muslim
Administrative Divisions 23 Provinces (sheng), 5 Autonomous Regions (zizhiqu) (Guangxi, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Xinjiang Uygur, Xizang (Tibet)) a
Neighbouring Countries Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam
Major Industries Agroindustries, Mining, Metallurgy, Iron and steel, Heavy manufacturing, Textile, Clothing, Construction material, Food processing, Telecommunication, Transportation industry, Consumer goods, Petroleum, Weapons
Natural Resources Aluminum, Coal, Iron ore, Lead, Manganese, Mercury, Molybdenum, Natural Gas, Petroleum, Tin, Tungsten, Uranium, Vanadium, Zinc, Hydelpower